Where is Malta? It is an island nation situated south of Italy and south of Sicily in the Mediterranean Sea. The population of Malta numbers 400,000. This island nation comprises the islands of Malta, Gozo, and Comino. The capital city is Valletta.
From around 800 to 218 BC, Malta was colonized by the Phoenicians and Carthaginians, and then became part of the Roman Empire. In 60AD the Apostle Paul was shipwrecked on the island, where he introduced Christianity. Arabs arrived in 870 and left considerable influence on agriculture and language. Other nations which shaped Malta were the Normans, France, Spain, and Britain.
The British liberated Malta from France in 1800 and began to develop Malta into a major naval base. After World War II the British gave Malta a measure of independence, and in 1964 the country gained its independence from the British and became a republic in 1974. In 2004 Malta joined the European Union, and the euro replaced the lira as the new national currency on January 1, 2008.
The two major languages spoke in Malta today are Malti and English. I t is a major tourist magnate for the British today because of the favorable climate and beautiful beaches. No visas are required for most visitors for stays of up to three months. The dominant religion is Roman Catholicism. There are very few evangelical churches.